― What is cervical cancer?
It is cancer on the lower part of the uterus. Almost all cervical cancer cases are connected to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. More than 120 subtypes of this virus have been identified so far, out of which 15 are high risk types and may lead to precancerous lesions that could be evolved to cancer. In order for cervical cancer to appear, there must be a previous HPV infection (this is true for almost all cases).
― Can it be cured?
When it is early diagnosed and treated effectively, it is almost always cured.
― Which women can be infected?
It infects mostly women between 35 and 55 years old. But younger women, who are sexually active, are at risk, especially if they smoke.
― What are the possibilities for me to be infected?
Even if it is the second more frequent cancer in women, it can be prevented. In the U.S.A., only 11,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer every year, most of which do not get regular preventive Pap Tests.
― What are the symptoms? What do I need to check?
At the early stages of cervical cancer there are no symptoms. An abnormal Pap Test is the first indication. At an advanced stage of the cancer, one of the most common symptoms is bleeding and pain at the pelvis, the legs and the back.
― How can I protect myself?
By regularly taking Pap Tests and by testing for HPV. 50% of women diagnosed with cervical cancer have never had a Pap Test or they had omitted to get one for many years.
― Which women should be tested?
All women since the beginning of their sex life.
― How often should I get tested?
Women up to the age of 29 should be tested every 2 years. If the Pap Test is slightly not normal, an HPV test is recommended. After the age of 30, both Pap and HPV tests are recommended.
The information referred to for general information and informing the public and in any case can not replace a doctor or other suitably qualified health professional. The responsibility of the media carries by ENORASIS SA